Back to the magazine2018 year №6

Descriptions of Ukrainians' Traditional Material Culture in the Columns of The Ethnographic Review Periodical (1889-1916)

Read the postRead the postDownload the post
The authors of the publication:
Hlushko Mykhaylo
p.:
45-58
UDC:
39(=161.2)(051)“1889/1916”
Bibliographic description:
Hlushko, M. (2018) Descriptions of Ukrainians’ Traditional Material Culture in the Columns of The Ethnographic Review Periodical (1889–1916). Folk Art and Etnology, 5 (375), 45–58.

Author

Hlushko Mykhaylo

a Doctor of History, a professor at the Ivan Franko Lviv National University Ethnology Subdepartment.

 

Descriptions of Ukrainians’ Traditional Material Culture in the Columns of The Ethnographic Review Periodical (1889–1916)

 

Abstract

The ethnographical data on traditional material culture of Ukrainians, published on the pages of Etnograficheskoe Obozrenie (Ethnographic Review) magazine (1889–1916), are analyzed in the article. Thematically they cover two types of folk culture: housing and economic complex (works by Oleksandr Shark and Vira Kharuzina) and folk food (articles by Varvara Shchelokovska and Raisa Dankivska). The geography of these sources origin (Slobozhanshchyna, Middle Over Dnipro Lands, Lower Over Dnipro Lands), their nature, scientific authenticity of the records, etc., have been ascertained.

O. Sharko has collected ethnographic information in the basins of the Sula, Psiol and Vorskla rivers, that is, in the territory of the Middle Over Dnipro Lands and Slobozhanshchyna. The author has described in detail the design of traditional dwelling and most of the economic buildings, their erection technology, indicated the total size of the objects and parameters of individual components of each of them, recreated the buildings graphically. The work of V. Kharuzina is valuable for Ukrainian ethnology for the representing of authentic examples of Ukrainian folk construction of the steppe zone – current important industrial cell of the Lower Over Dnipro Lands (Kryvyi Rih). It has developed rapidly and influenced significantly the daily lives and household activities of local peasants as well as dwelling in the late XIXth - early XXth centuries.

The national food traditions of the Ukrainians of Slobozhanshchyna (Kupiyansk county of Kharkiv province) at the late XIXth century are considered in the large-scale work of V. Shchelokovska. In particular, the researcher has described thoroughly the domestic utensils, casual, festive and ritual dishes and drinks, customs and ceremonies of the calendar year and family events connected with them, etc. In addition, the false interpretation of the historical and ethnographic belonging of ethnographic records of V. Shchelokovska, followed by some modern Ukrainian ethnologists, is disproved.

R. Dankivska has written four ethnographic works, published on the pages of EtnograficheskoeObozrenie (Ethnographic Review) magazine. The authoress has described the bread theme in three of them. She has considered the ways of baking, appearance and functional purpose of various bread articles, which have been cooked by the Ukrainians of Slobozhanshchyna specially for certain days of the calendar year and for wedding. The researcher has reconstructed the wedding ritual of Slobozhanshchyna inhabitants of the 1870s, basing on the collected ethnographic materials.

The ethnographic message of B. Yatsymirskyi about the custom to slaughter pigs before Christmas on St. Hnat day (December 20/January 2) pertains superficially to traditional meals of the Ukrainians in Podillia.

 

Keywords

Etnograficheskoe obozrenie (Ethnographic Review), Ukrainians, material culture, ethnographical sources.

 

References

  1. Borysenko V. (2007) Dankivska Rayisa Serhiyivna. TheEncyclopedia of Modern Ukraine: in 30 Volumes. Kyiv: IED NAN Ukrayiny, Vol. 7: G–Di, pp. 221–222.
  2. Hnatiuk V. (1909) R. Dankovskaya. Little Russian Ceremonial Pastry of Kyiv Governorate (The Ethnographic Review. 1909, № 1). Proceedings of the T. ShevchenkoScientificSociety. Lviv, Vol. XC, Book IV, pp. 236–237.
  3. H[natiuk] V. (1911) R. S. Dankovskaya. Wedding Rites of Little Russians of Grayvoron District in the 1870s (The Ethnographic Review, 1909, Book 81–2). Proceedings of the T. ShevchenkoScientificSociety. Lviv, Vol.CI, Book I, p. 194.
  4. Danyliuk A. (1993) Where was the Protovcha Palanka. Folk Art and Ethnography, №2, pp. 78–80.
  5. Dankivska R. (1925) Folk Ceremonial Cookies “Nuts” (On the Occasion of the “Nut” Collection in the H. Skovoroda Kharkiv Museum of Sloboda Ukraine). Proceedings of the Ethnographic Society. Kyiv, Book 1, pp. 27–33.
  6. Dankivska R. (1926) Ethnographic Studies of Ukrainian Ceremonial Cookies. Scientific Collection of the Kharkiv Research Institute of the History of Ukrainian Culture. Kharkiv, Vol. 2–3, pp.199–208.
  7. Dankovskaya R. (1909) Little Russian Ceremonial Cookies of Kursk Governorate. TheEthnographicReview, Year 21, Book LXXX, № 1, pp. 21–34.
  8. Dankovskaya R. (1915) Baking of Wedding Round Loaves in Zmiyiv District. The Ethnographic Review, Year 27, Book CVII–CVIII, № 3–4, pp. 88–90.
  9. Dankovskaya R. (1909) “Kulik” and “Lestnichka” – Ceremonial Cookies of Fatezh District. The Ethnographic Review, Year 21, Book LXXXI–LXXXII, № 2–3, pp. 173–174.
  10. Dankovskaya R. (1909) Wedding Rituals of Little Russians in Grayvoron District in the 1870s. The Ethnographic Review, Year 21. Book LXXXI–LXXXII, № 2–3, pp. 145–159.
  11. Dolynskyi L. (1963) The Ukrainian Decorative Porcelain. Kyiv: AN URSR, 86 pp.+ 25 pp. tabl., Ill.
  12. Kyrdan B., Yevdokymova O. (2009) “The Ethnographic Review”. The Encyclopediaof Modern Ukraine in 30 Volumes. Kyiv: IED NAN Ukrayiny, Vol. 9: E–ZH, pp.260–261.
  13. Kyrchiv R. (2007) Naddniprianshchyna. The Concise Encyclopedia of Ukrainian Ethnology. Lviv: Institut narodoznavstva NAN Ukrayiny, p.368.
  14. Kozlovskyi V. (2015) “The Ethnographic Review”. The Ethnological Notebooks, №3, pp. 546–548.
  15. Kozlovskyi V. (2018) “The Ethnographic Review” (1889–1910). The Ukrainian Folklore Encyclopedia(ed.-in-chief – V. Sokil). Lviv: Institut narodoznavstva NAN Ukrayiny, pp. 258–259.
  16. Kosmina T. (1980) Peasant Dwellings of Podillia (Late XIXth throughXXth Century): A Historical and EthnographicalStudy. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 191 pp.
  17. Mykytchuk S. (2011) Ukrainian Ethnography on Pages of the Russian Journal “The Ethnographic Review” (Late XIXth to Early XXth Century). Scientific Bulletin of the Lesia UkrayinkaVolyn National University: Journal. Lutsk, № 10: Istorychni nauky, pp. 150–156.
  18. Miloradovich V. (1991) Everyday Peasant Life in Lubny. Ukrainians: Folk Beliefs, Superstitions,Demonology. Kyiv: Lybid, pp. 170–341.
  19. Mohytych I. (1987) Types and Development of Buildings on Peasant Yard. HoshkoYu., KishchukT.,Mohytych I., Fedaka P. Folk Architectureof the Ukrainian Carpathians in the XVth to XXthCenturies. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, pp. 29–68.
  20. Skrypnyk H. (ed.) (2017) Museumof Folk Architecture and Folkways of Ukraine.Museum Guide. Kyiv: IMFE im. M. T. Rylskoho NAN Ukrayiny, 54 pp.
  21. Nepomniashchyi A. (2009) The Kharuzin Family and Development of Ethnographic Research in the Crimea. Regional Studies, № 1–2, pp. 58–63.
  22. Petriakova F. (1985) UkrainianDecorative Porcelain (Late XIXth to Early XXthCentury). Kiev: Naukova dumka, 224 pp.
  23. Plotnikova A., Sedakova I. (1999) Ignatiy. The Slavonic Antiquities. An Ethno-Linguistic Dictionary: in Five Volumes(ed. N. Tolstoy) (RAS, Institute of Slavonic and Balkan Studies). Moscow: Mezhdunarodnyye otnosheniya, Vol. 2: D–K (Kroshki), pp. 373–376.

24.Radovych R. (2017) PolissiaDwelling: CulturalandGeneticOriginsandEvolutionaryProcesses. Lviv: Institut narodoznavstva NAN Ukrayiny, 851 pp.

  1. Serzhant L. (2009) Porcelain and Faience. The History of Ukrainian DecorativeArt: in 5Volumes (ed.-in-chief H. Skrypnyk; NAS of Ukraine, M. Rylsky Institute of Art Studies, Folkloristics and Ethnology). Kyiv: IMFE im. M. T. Rylskoho NAN Ukrayiny, Vol. 3: The XIXth-Century Art (scientific editor T. Kara-Vasylyeva), pp. 277–304.
  2. Tokarev S. (1966) TheHistory of RussianEthnography(Pre-October Revolution Period). Moscow: Nauka, 453 pp.
  3. Kharuzina V. (1905) Notes on Peasant Dwelling in Verkhnedneprovsk District of Yekaterinoslav Governorate. The EthnographicReview, Year 17, Book LXV–LXVI, № 2–3, pp. 127–147.
  4. Sharko A. (1900) Little Russian Dwellings. The Ethnographic Review, Year 12, Book XLVII, № 4, pp. 119–131.
  5. Shch[elokovskaya] V. (1899) Food and Beverages of Little Russian Peasants with Their Relevant Customs, Superstitions, and Signs. The Ethnographic Review, Year 11, Book XL–XLI, № 1–2, pp. 266–322.
  6. Shcherban O. (2014) Figuline in Ukrainian Traditional Culture of Nourishment through the Lenses of the Varvara Shchelokovska Research Study. Folk Art and Ethnology, №5, pp. 28–34.
  7. Shcherban O. (2017) Clayware of Naddniprianshchynaas a Component of Traditional Culture of Nutrition ofUkrainians (2nd Half of the XIX to Early XXIst Century): Monograph. Kharkiv: Oleksandr Savchuk, 270 pp.
  8. Shcherban O. (2018) Evolutional Changes in Ukrainian CookingTraditions of the Dnipro Region Where ClaywareWere Used for Preparing Food (Second Half of theXIXth to Early XXIst Century) (author’s abstract ofa thesis for obtaining Ph. D. in History: speciality 07.00.05). Lviv, 30 pp.
  9. Yatsymirskiy B. (1912) The Feast of Swine (An Ethnographic Note). The Ethnographic Review, Year 24, Book LCIV–LCV, № 3–4, pp. 107–109.