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Social and Political, Cultural and Confessional Activities of Ukrainian Diaspora in Russia in the 1990s

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The authors of the publication:
Kushnir Myroslav
p.:
109-114
UDC:
316.72(470+571=161.2)"199"
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.15407/nte2019.04.109
Bibliographic description:
Kushnir, M. (2019) Social and Political, Cultural and Confessional Activities of Ukrainian Diaspora in Russia in the 1990s. Folk Art and Ethnology, 4 (380), 109–114.

Author

Kushnir Myroslav – a student of the Master’s Degree Department of the Historical Faculty of Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University

 

Social and Political, Cultural and Confessional Activities of Ukrainian Diaspora in Russia in the 1990s

 

Abstract

Ukrainians are the second largest ethnic minority in the Russian Federation. The Ukrainian diaspora in Russia is the largest Ukrainian diaspora in the world. In the second half of the 1980s, on the wave of the Gorbachev’s reforms, the revival of Ukrainian national life began. The first Ukrainian cultural society «Slavutych» arose in 1988 in Moscow. During the 1990s Ukrainian societies appeared in many other cities of Russia. In the early 2000s there were more than 100 Ukrainian associations. The largest were the Organization of Ukrainians in Russia and the Federal national-cultural autonomy «Ukrainians of Russia», which united smaller associations at the regional and local levels. The activity of the Ukrainian diaspora in the Russian Federation was carried out in three main directions: cultural, confessional and public-political. The most dynamically developed cultural direction. The Russian authorities sought to concentrate the activity of the Ukrainian diaspora exclusively in a cultural direction and avoid its politicization. The development of the Ukrainian diaspora in the Russian Federation was facilitated by a large legal base at the international and national levels. In general, the Ukrainian diaspora policy in Russia has not been conducted at the appropriate level. The Ukrainian government was unable to build a system of interaction and support of compatriots. The Ukrainian diaspora was subjected to resistance from the Russian authorities. The greatest achievement was the Cultural center of Ukraine opening in 1998 in Moscow. Ukrainian cultural and public-political associations, church communities did not achieve great success, because they were small and isolated from each other. They failed to create a complete infrastructure for conducting cultural and educational work – libraries, schools, churches, publishing houses and periodicals. In the lack of support from Ukraine and the RF, they disintegrated or were passive.

 

Keywords

Diaspora, cultural organization, public-political association, church society.

 

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