Kurinna Maryna – a Ph.D. in History, a research fellow at the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences M. Rylskyi Institute for Art Studies, Folkloristics and Ethnology Ukrainian Ethnological Centre Department
Rural Youth Cultural Leisure Praxes in Ukraine (the XX Century)
Traditional forms of Ukrainian rural youth cultural leisure in the XX century are considered in the article. Their transformation is investigated. It is found out that ritual culture has always been one of the most effective forms of youth socialization, providing gradual transition of children and adolescents from one age group to another with a collective help. The above mentioned is confirmed, in particular, by the preservation and active functioning of such ancient forms of youth leisure as vechornytsi, dosvitky, vulytsya till almost the middle of the XX century. From the second half of the XX century they are gradually transformed into new forms of youth leisure, held in rural clubs and houses of culture. The latter have both solved problem of youth leisure time and realized educational functions, satisfied the requirements in communication and information exchange.
During the 1960s–1980s participation in cultural, sports, entertaining and educational activities (various shows, competitions, public readings, dances, etc.) have significantly improved the realization of physical, spiritual and social requirements of rural youth. Public supervision by the youth has been intensified actively by rural party organizations (especially Komsomol). They have mainly formed the ideological foundations of boys and girls, necessary for a typical model of Soviet man development. However, such an upbringing model has also a positive side: Komsomol members struggle against drunkenness, labour discipline violation, immoral behaviour (theft of state, collective or personal property), hooliganism.
In the 1990s the rural youth leisure has gradually got out of cultural institutions influence. Rich popular experience of youth communication has been almost completely lost. However, the situation can be changed by more dynamic activity of regional executive power and self-governing bodies in the implementation of various programs of social and cultural development of rural localities, aimed at the reconstruction and repair of premises, improvement of material and technical base of countryside social institutions, providing them with necessary professional pedagogical stuff, etc.
cultural leisure praxes, rural youth, ritual culture.
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