A Doctor of History, a full professor, a chief of Regional History of Ukraine Department of the Institute of History of Ukraine at the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4445-9492
Socio-Cultural Dynamics of Regional Development of Ukraine: Methodological Research Approaches
One of the main trends of the latest methodological synthesis is the combination of the world-system and the civilizational approaches in studying regionalization processes. The thing is a new level of social analysis: regionalization is considered as the reverse side of globalization in the context of the formation of regional-civilizational amalgamations being in the process of dynamic interaction. Owing to the actualization and rapid development of interdisciplinary regional studies, the article highlights methodological approaches to analysing socio-cultural transformations of Ukraine’s spatial development in a historical retrospect. A new vision of a region as a subject of politics has led to a significant reinterpretation of the entire system of regionalization and the focus on creating comprehensive integrated methodological approaches that are at the junction of natural and socio-humanitarian disciplines.
An emphasis is placed on the methodology of studying territorial processes that took place in the course of historical development in the scope between the local and global levels of social system organization, in the space intermediate between micro- and macrolevels, for which the definition of meso-level has already been firmly established. For Ukraine, the problem of meso-spheres is doubly relevant since almost eight centuries of its history fit into a kind of meso-space of various states’ peripheries that belonged to different civilizational systems. The specificity of regional approaches makes it possible to comprehend the whole complex of socio-cultural dynamics: civilizational and cultural features of the development of individual regions as system-forming continua; and the elucidation of complex interdependencies among global, regional, and local dimensions, as well as between centres and peripheries. The authoress focuses on the history of colonization processes, migrations, on retrospective studies of territorial organization, border functions, features of activities in border areas, as well as symbols of mentality and cultural memory at the local level.
It is proven that without applying the whole set of research methods focused on studying regions of different levels, regularities of their formation and functioning, given historical, demographic, ethno-national, religious, ecological, natural-resource, political and legal features, it would be problematic to talk about the adoption of a system of regional analytics, built on new conceptual principles of comparative research of regions. The approval of a scientific paradigm of studying the territorial specificity and the spatial interaction, in a wide time range, of the corresponding socio-cultural dynamics with the processes of regional self-consciousness formation will ensure the transition of regional studies to a new level of generalizations based on the formation of new politological and culturological models of social development.
historical regional studies, socio-cultural transformations, regional analytics, methodological approaches, regional development.
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