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Forced Migration in the Extraordinary Conditions of the Russian-Ukrainian War and Its Negative Consequences for the Gene Pool of Ukraine

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The authors of the publication:
Rendiuk Teofil
p.:
5–14
UDC:
314.15.045:316.485.26(470+571:477)
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.15407/nte2022.03.005
Bibliographic description:
Rendiuk, T. (2022) Forced Migration in the Extraordinary Conditions of the Russian-Ukrainian War and Its Negative Consequences for the Gene Pool of Ukraine. Folk Art and Ethnology, 3 (395), 5–14.

Author

Rendiuk Teofil

a Doctor of History, a leading research fellow at the Ukrainian Ethnological Centre Department of the NAS of Ukraine Maksym Rylskyi Institute of Art Studies, Folkloristics and Ethnology

 

Forced Migration in the Extraordinary Conditions of the Russian-Ukrainian War and Its Negative Consequences for the Gene Pool of Ukraine

 

Abstract

The article covers an exclusively new topic – forced migration processes in Ukraine and abroad, provoked by the current hot phase of the eight-year Russian-Ukrainian war. The immediate negative impact of this phenomenon on the demograph-ic situation in Ukraine and future consequences for the gene pool of the population of the Ukrainian state are studied for the first time. The features of forced migration in the extraordinary conditions of this war, such as quantitative indicators of migrants and emigrants, age and gender of their subjectivity, directions of migrants running within Ukraine and emigrants abroad, problems faced by migrants in the country and abroad, etc. are investigated in the article.

The aim of the study is to show the huge and unexpected impact of large-scale military operations launched by the occu-pying Russian regular army on the lives and fate of peaceful and innocent people of Ukraine. A quarter of them has become forced refugees and displaced persons. The figures and facts also show the tragedy of millions of families and individuals who have been forced to leave their homes, leaving all the benefits acquired during their lives.

The relevance of the work is justified by the necessity of immediate generalization and study of the latest statistical and demographic data on the current forced migration crisis in the extraordinary conditions of the current Russian-Ukrainian aggressive war.

The methods of research include general and specific historical: analysis and synthesis (in the course of working with sources); objectivity (determining the scale of internal and external migration provoked by the hot phase of the eight-year Russian-Ukrainian war); generalization (to understand the real state of forced migration processes in Ukraine and abroad and to draw conclusions); statistical (for the use in the work of quantitative indicators of migration and emigration various in nature and importance); chronological (to present the material in sequential chronological order); synchronous (during the comparative characterization of the situation of internally displaced persons in Ukraine and abroad).

The scientific novelty of the article is a comprehensive analysis of new statistical and demographic data on the unprec-edented scales of the 7 million forced resettlement movement within Ukraine and the forced emigration of almost 6 million inhabitants and the extremely negative impact of these phenomena on our state gene pool.

The practical value of the work comes down to the fact that the factual material, the author’s views and conclusions can be used to prepare works on modern history of Ukraine, some foreign countries and the Ukrainian diaspora.

 

Keywords

full-scale Russian-Ukrainian war, internally displaced persons, forced refugees, migrants, asylum seekers, migrants and emigrants, forcibly evacuated to Russia, demographic losses, gene pool of Ukraine.

 

References

1. More than 114 000 of People have been Evacuated to Zaporizzhia from the Beginning of the War. Іnterfax-Ukraine. April  10, 2022. Available from: https://interfax.com.ua/news/general/823004.html [in Ukrainian].

2. Dwelling for the Resettlers: the OP has Declared, that They will Choose the Projects, which can be Finished in 3–4 Months. UNN. April 11, 2022 [online]. Available from: https://www.unn.com.ua/uk/news/1972016-zhitlo-dlya-pereselentsiv-v-op-zayavili-scho-obiratimut-proekti-yaki-mozhna-zavershiti-za-3-4-misyatsi [in Ukrainian].

3. More than 600 Ukrainian Infants have been Born in Poland from the Beginning of War. Espreso. April 10, 2022 [online]. Available from: https://espreso.tv/z-pochatku-viyni-u-polshchi-narodilosya-ponad-600-ukrainskikh-nemovlyat [in Ukrainian].

4. Almost 5,5 Million of Refugees have already Left Ukraine – UNO. TSN. April 30, 2022 [online]. Available from: https://tsn.ua/ato/z-ukrayini-vzhe-viyihali-mayzhe-5-5-milyona-bizhenciv-oon-2050408.html [in Ukrainian].

5. More than 1,5 Thousand of Ukrainians have Got the Status of Internally Displaced Person in Mykolaiv during the War. 407  Children are among Them.   Korabelov info. April  9, 2022 [online]. Available from: https://korabelov.info/2022/04/241651/za-chas-vijni-ponad-1-5-tisyach-ukrainciv-otrimali-v-mikolaievi-status-vnutrishno-peremishhenoi-osobi [in Ukrainian].

6. During the Full-Scale War of the RF against Ukraine 1189  Infants have been Born in Kyiv and 1439  Pairs have Married,  – KCSA. Espreso. April  10, 2022 [online]. Available from: https://espreso.tv/za-chas-povnomasshtabnoi-viyni-rf-proti-ukraini-v-kievi-narodilosya-1189-nemovlyat-i-odruzhilosya-1439-par-kmda [in Ukrainian].

7.  Lviv Region will Cooperate with the UNO in the Issues of the Forced Resettlers. Іnterfax-Ukraine. March 8, 2022 [online]. Available from: https://interfax.com.ua/news/general/809245.html [in Ukrainian].

8. Almost 80 % of the Refugees want to Return to Ukraine after the War  – Sociological Poll of the Razumkov Centre. Іnterfax-Ukraine. April  4, 2022 [online]. Available from: https://interfax.com.ua/news/general/820950.html [in Ukrainian].

9. The Hardest Migration Crises in the World for the Last Years. World and Affair. November 11, 2021 [online]. Available from: https://www.slovoidilo.ua/2021/11/11/infografika/svit/najvazhchi-mihraczijni-kryzy-sviti-ostanni-roky [in Ukrainian].

10.  The UNO has Increased the Appraisal of Internally Displaced Persons in Ukraine to 7,1 Million. Interfax-Ukraine. April  10, 2022 [online]. Available from: https://interfax.com.ua/news/general/822930.html [in Ukrainian].

11. More than 37 Thousand of Resettlers are Registered in Kyiv,  – KCSA. RBC-Ukraine. May  2, 2022 [online]. Available from: https://www.rbc.ua/ukr/news/kieve-zaregistrirovano-37-tysyach-pereselentsev-1651508138.html [in Ukrainian].

12.  Ukrainian Railways along with the Ministry of Digital Transformation and the President of Ukraine Office Help the Evacuated Inhabitants with the Settling. Army-Inform. May  3, 2022 [online]. Available from: https://armyinform.com.ua/2022/05/03/ukrzaliznyczya-razom-z-minczyfry-ta-ofisom-prezydenta-ukrayiny-dopomagatyme-z-rozselennyam-evakujovanym-meshkanczyam [in Ukrainian].

13.  11,4  Million of Ukrainians have Left their Houses because of the War,  – UNO. RBC-Ukraine. April  9, 2022 [online]. Available from: https://www.rbc.ua/ukr/news/voyny-svoi-doma-pokinuli-11-4-mln-ukraintsev-1649511897.html [in Ukrainian].

14. Cernăuţi, loc de refugiu pentru ucrainenii din estul țării  [Chernivtsi, a Place of Refuge for Ukrainians of the East of the Country]. Dawn of Bukovyna. March  7, 2022 [online]. Available from: http://www.zorilebucovinei.com/news/show/3603 [in Moldavian].


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