a junior research fellow at the Department of Visual, Decorative and Applied Arts of the NAS of Ukraine Maksyma junior research fellow at the Department of Visual, Decorative and Applied Arts of the NAS of Ukraine MaksymRylskyi Institute of Art Studies, Folkloristics and Ethnology
Bauhaus and the Ceramic Art of the 20th Century
(On the Issue of the Style Evolution of Ukrainian Porcelain and Earthenware)
An attempt is made in the article to trace the revolutionary influence of the ideological program of the German BauhausAn attempt is made in the article to trace the revolutionary influence of the ideological program of the German Bauhausschool (1919–1932) on the art of ceramics, to show the general historical, social and political contexts, the change of thecultural and artistic paradigm in European art after the First World War and to mark some points of contact in the culturaland artistic processes of Western Europe and Ukraine in the first half of the 20th century. The purpose of this article is to highlight the history and achievements of the ceramic workshop of this school, the theoretical foundations of its activity, thehighlight the history and achievements of the ceramic workshop of this school, the theoretical foundations of its activity, theorganization of the educational process, which are not too well known to Ukrainian researchers. The school has practiced arevolutionary method of teaching artists and designers whose task is to create a harmonious living space for a person, whichcontributes to the spread of functionalism. In the 1920s and 1930s the formation of a national style in the art of Ukrainianceramics has taken place due to the interaction of two factors – the folk pottery tradition and the innovative influences ofEuropean stylistic trends. Mezhyhiria Artistic Ceramic Technical College has become one of the centers of this development.Its program is similar to the Bauhaus program in many aspects. An attempt to reveal some common approaches inthe organization of work of two educational institutions and their significance in the formation of the modernist stylistics ofceramic art, in particular porcelain and earthenware of the mid-20th century is made.
Bauhaus, ceramics, avant-garde, functionalism, modernism, syntesis of arts, Ukrainian style.
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