Hlushko Mykhaylo – a Doctor of History, a professor at the Ivan Franko Lviv National University Ethnology Subdepartment
Nadsiannia: Localization and Scope of This Ukrainian Ethnographic Region
Nadsiannia is a Ukrainian ethnographic region, which populace, along with Ukrainians of Lemkivshchyna, Kholmshchyna and Pidliashshia, sustained the biggest human, material and moral and psychological losses in the mid-ХХth century. Upon the World War II, a greater part of Nadsiannia came to be under the control of the Republic of Poland, and the Ukrainians, which had resided in the Sian River’s valley and right tributaries were forcibly evicted either to the Ukrainian SSR or to contemporary northwestern Poland.
It is also upsetting that Ukrainian ethnologists passed over the region of Nadsiannia proper for a long time. For the most part, they did not recognize this historical land as a separate ethnographic unit of Ukraine (Yakiv Holovatskyi, Hryhoriy Stelmakh, Kost Huslystyi, Volodymyr Horlenko, Vsevolod Naulko, and other scholars). Other researchers treated or still treat this unit at their discretion (Roman Kyrchiv, Stepan Makarchuk, Roman Siletskyi, Mykhaylo Stankevych, and others).
It was linguists who firstly paid heed to the region: initially Ivan Verkhratskyi, later followed by Ivan Zilynskyi, Mariya Pshepyurska-Ovcharenko, Vsevolod Hantsov and other dialectologists. They have proved the existence of separate and ancient, by their origin, Nadsiannia dialects within Ukrainian. Modern Ukrainian linguists consider the Nadsiannia dialect to be an indispensable part of the Ukrainian language.
With attracting ethnographic materials and outcomes of dialectological studies, one can localize the territories of Nadsiannia in the late ХІХth to early ХХth centuries. Particularly, the northern bounds of the ethnographic region under study passed along the mountain range of Roztochchia (i.e., northern borderline of modern Yavoriv District in Lviv Region). The eastern frontier laid along the Vereshchytsia River, which originates in the Roztochchia area near the village of Vereshchytsia of Yavoriv District and farther flows into the Dnister River to the west of the Poverhiv village of Mykolayiv District (Lviv Region). Finally, the southern boundary of Nadsiannia reached the Strwiąż River (Stryvihor) that falls into the Dnister on the outskirts of the Dolobiv village in Sambir District (Lviv Region).
By now, it is impossible, taking into consideration the mid-ХХth-century historical events, to reconstruct the western border of ethnographic Nadsiannia for sure. This frontier constantly will be localized only in a conventional way. Only one fact is indisputable – until the Second World War, the main borderline of Ukrainian-Polish ethnic delimitation passed along the Sian River from the town of Sianik to Yaroslav.
According to the modern administrative division, the territory of Nadsiannia embraces Mostyska and Yavoriv districts (with the exception of the utmost eastern strip of the latter), the western portion of Horodok District, and the northern strip of Sambir and Staryi Sambir districts of Lviv Region.
ethnology, Nadsiannia, ethnographic region, localization, scope.
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