Back to the magazine2017 year №4

Architecture of the XVIIIth­ Century Baturyn Government Buildings

Read the postRead the postDownload the post
The authors of the publication:
Herasko Maryna
p.:
84-97
UDC:
728.83(477.51)"17"
Bibliographic description:
Herasko, M. (2017) Architecture of the XVIIIth-Century Baturyn Government Buildings. Folk Art and Ethnology, 3 (367), 84–97.

Author

Herasko Maryna – a Ph.D. in History, a chief of the Research and Enlightening Work Department of the National Historical and Cultural Preserve Hetman’s Capital (Baturyn, Chernihiv Region)

 

Architecture of the XVIIIth­ Century Baturyn Government Buildings

 

Abstract

The article examines the development of civil architecture in Ukraine-Hetmanate on the example of architecture of the XVIIIth-century Baturyn government buildings, as well as the features of their location and construction. In the period of the Hetmanate, there was extensive construction of buildings of various functional types, including civil or administration buildings, which played an ever-increasing role in composing the city’s downtown squares.

The XVIIIth century was marked by the trend that along with the construction of aforementioned buildings, there were erected other local attractions – churches and bell towers, massive office buildings, town halls, regimental and company’s councils of officers. Of the then massive urban development, there were mainly manor houses – wooden, one-storey, with the predominance of popular types of housing. The best examples of wooden construction situated in places with rampant carpentry styled by certain masters. The Ukrainian wooden construction played an important role, and there were two building styles: classic and fictitious.

The study ascertains the measurements of administration structures, described their heating and interior, studies subsidiary utility and single-purpose structures, and analyses building materials used for erecting office buildings, as well as outlines the prospects for further research of the issue.

 

Keywords

Baturyn, architecture, government buildings, Zemstvo’s (district) court, company’s chancellery, building materials.

 

References

  1. ADRUH, Anatoliy. Architecture of Chernihiv in the Latter Half of the XVІІth to Early XVІІІth Centuries. Chernihiv: Chernihiv Centre of Scientific-Technical and Economic Information, 2008, 224 pp. [in Ukrainian].
  2. KOVALENKO, Oleksandr, et al. (editorial board). Baturyn: Pages in History: A Collection of Documents and Materials. T. Shevchenko Chernihiv State Pedagogical University and others. Chernihiv: Chernihivski oberehy, 2009, 786 pp. [in Ukrainian].
  3. BLAZHKO, Yu., L. KIYASHKO (compilers). The Baturyn Past: Collected Papers by Viktor Bondarenko. National Historical and Cultural Reserve Hetman’s Capital. Nizhyn: Aspekt-Polihraf, 2011, 168 pp. [in Ukrainian].
  4. BLAZHKO, Yu. The Baturyn Sotnia as a Constituent of the Cossack Hetmanate. In: Medieval Antiquities of Central and Eastern Europe: Proceedings of the IXth International Student Archeological Conference. Chernihiv: T. Shevchenko ChNPU, 2010, pp. 44–47 [in Ukrainian].
  5. VECHERSKYI, Viktor. Architectural and Urban-Planning Heritage of the Cossack Hetmanate Age: Its Formation, Studies, and Protection. Kyiv: Research Institute for Theory and History of Architecture and Urban Planning, 2001, 350 pp. [in Ukrainian].
  6. VECHERSKYI, Viktor. Hetman’s Capitals of Ukraine. Kyiv: Nash chas, 2008, 320 pp. (Unknown Ukraine Series) [in Ukrainian].
  7. VYNOHRODSKA, Larysa, Yuriy SYTYI. Baturyn Tile. Sights of Ukraine: History and Culture. A Scientific Periodical. Kyiv, 2008, 3, 28–41 [in Ukrainian].
  8. VYNOHRODSKA, Larysa, Yuriy SYTYI. Collection of Tiles from the 2001–2002 Excavations in the Territory of the Baturyn Citadel. In: KOVALENKO, Volodymyr (compiler). The Baturyn Antiquities: Collected Scientific Papers Dedicated to the Tercentenary of the Baturyn Tragedy. Kyiv, 2008, pp. 261–277 [in Ukrainian].
  9. VOVK, Khvedir. Studies on Ukrainian Ethnography and Anthropology. Kyiv: Mystetstvo, 1995, 336 pp. [in Ukrainian].
  10. HERASKO, Maryna. Studies on Some Reports concerning Kyrylo Rozumovskyi’s Construction in Baturyn. In: SAVYTSKYI, Oleksiy, ed.-in-chief. Sivershchyna within the History of Ukraine: Collected Scientific Papers. Kyiv: 2013, iss. 6, pp. 280–282 [in Ukrainian].
  11. HERASKO, Maryna. On Tiles from the K. Razumovskiy’s Palace and Park Ensemble Located at the Baturyn Historical and Cultural Reserve. The Krasnoyarsk Science. Krasnoyarsk, 2013, 4[09], 5–22 [in Russian].
  12. HERASKO, Maryna. Mode of Life of Population of the Chernihovo-Sivershchyna Towns [Latter Half of the XVIIIth to the Mid-XIXth Centuries]. Ph.D. in History thesis: 07.00.05. Kyiv, 2013, 235 pp. [in Ukrainian].
  13. HOHOL, Mykola. Taras Bulba. Kyiv: Veselka, 1971, 123 pp. [in Ukrainian].
  14. NAZAROVA, Vera (compiler). The History and Genealogy of Hlukhiv Jews within the Notes of the Chernihiv Provincial Bulletin. A Collection of Materials and Documents. National State Historical and Cultural Reserve Hlukhiv. Mozhaysk: Mozhaysk Printing Plant Public Company, 2014, 400 pp. [in Russian].
  15. PUTRO, Oleksiy. Hetman Kyrylo Rozumovskyi and His Epoch [from the History of XVІІІth-Century Ukrainian State-Building]: A Monograph: in Two Parts. Kyiv: State Academy of Government Managerial Staff of Culture and Arts, 2008, pt. I, 240 pp. [in Ukrainian].
  16. TARANUSHENKO, Stefan. Architecture of Government Buildings of the ХVIIIth-Century Cossack Hetmanate. Kharkiv: Kharkiv Private Museum of Urban Estates, 2013, 140 pp. [in Ukrainian].
  17. TARANUSHENKO, Stefan. Scientific Heritage. The Period in Kharkiv. Studies over 1918–1932: Monographs, Papers, Reviews, Appendices, Studies on Taranushenko, Illustrations, and Reference Materials. Compiled by Oleksandr SAVCHUK, Mykhaylo KRASYKOV, Serhiy BILOKIN. Kharkiv: Savchuk O. O. Publishers, 2011, 696 pp. [in Ukrainian].
  18. TEREKH, M. The Baturyn Industry in the Epoch of K. Rozumovskyi (ХVIIIth–ХІХth Centuries). In: KOVALENKO, Volodymyr (compiler). The Baturyn Antiquities: Collected Scientific Papers Dedicated to the Tercentenary of the Baturyn Tragedy. Kyiv: Olena Teliha Publishing House, 2008, pp. 400–427 [in Ukrainian].
  19. ULYANOVSKA, Svitlana (compiler). The Ukrainian Culture. The Lectures, Edited by Dmytro Antonovych. Kyiv: Lybid, 1993, 592 pp. [in Ukrainian].
  20. PONOMARIOV, Anatoliy, Lidiya ARTIUKH, Tamara KOSMINA. The Ukrainian Past: An Illustrated Ethnographic Handbook. Kyiv: Lybid, 1993, p. 59 [in Ukrainian].
  21. PAVLIUK, Stepan, Hanna HORYN, eds., The Ukrainian Ethnology: A Teaching Aid. Lviv: Feniks, 1994, 608 pp. [in Ukrainian].
  22. KUDRYTSKYI, Anatoliy (ed.-in-chief). Chernihivshchyna: An Encyclopedic Reference Book. Kyiv: M. Bazhan Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia, 1990, 1008 pp. [in Ukrainian].
  23. YAKOVENKO, A. Petrographic Analysis of the Early Modern Ceramic Stove Tiles [«Kakhli»] from the Excavation of Baturyn. In: KOVALENKO, Volodymyr (compiler). The Baturyn Antiquities: Collected Scientific Papers Dedicated to the Tercentenary of the Baturyn Tragedy. Kyiv: Olena Teliha Publishing House, 2008, pp. 339–366 [in Ukrainian].