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Formation of Log Cabin Building Method on the Territories of Polissia

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The authors of the publication:
Radovych Roman
p.:
22-32
UDC:
39:691.11(477.41/.42)
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.15407/nte2017.06.022
Bibliographic description:
Radovych, R. (2017) Formation of Log Cabin Building Method on the Territories of Polissia. Folk Art and Ethnology, 6 (370), 22–32.

Author

Radovych Roman – a Ph. D. in History, a research officer at Historical Ethnology Department of the NASU Institute of Ethnology

 

Formation of Log Cabin Building Method on the Territories of Polissia

 

Abstract

The submitted article, being based on archeological and written sources, as well as author`s field materials, gives a general outline of formation and development of log cabin building method on the territory of Polissia throughout Ist–IInd millennia CE. It also ascertains that this technique of Polishchuks’ abode construction is deeply rooted. It had been employed by local autochthons at least since the Early Iron Age (by the tribes of Zarubyntsi archeological culture). Cribwork dwellings occurred here, to some extent, throughout the Ist mil CE. Once again, above-ground blockhouses became a dominant type of dwellings on the Polissia territory in the XIIth–XIIIth centuries. As for log cabin’s design philosophy, it cannot be established more or less precisely for the time up to the third quarter of the Ist mil CE due to the state of archeological objects’ safety. Likely enough, blockhouses, at that period, were erected by using the technique of rarefied framework or its varieties. However, monuments of the Xth to XIIIth centuries detected in the forest zone (at the same time, on Polissia) permit quite definitely retracing the process of upgrading local log cabin techniques: blockhouses were put together mostly from pine logs 15–20 centimetres in diameter. Separate rows of beams were tightly adjusted to each other; there was used the notching called v oblo (with bowl-like hollows atop of beam rows). Heat engineering characteristics of log cabins were improved via using longitudinal slots (drachka), gained into the upper planes of beam rows, with mossy pads.

Thus, at the period spanning the XIIth to XIIIth centuries, in the forest zone, there have developed main technological methods of the East Slavonic log cabin construction, which have persisted on the territory as relict phenomena of house building of the Ukrainians (Polishchuks properly), Belarusians and Russians up to the XVIIIth, and in some places even as late as the end of the XIXth century.

 

Keywords

Polissia, wall, cribwork method, lock, rarefied framework.

 

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