Back to the magazine

Socio-Economic and Religious-Ceremonial Factors of Ukrainian Folk Attire Extension in Context of Kyiv’s Urban Realities (Second Half of the XIXth to Early XXth Centuries)

Read the postRead the postDownload the post
The authors of the publication:
Oliynyk Maryna
p.:
39-44
UDC:
391(477-25)
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.15407/nte2017.06.039
Bibliographic description:
Oliynyk, M. (2017) Socio-Economic and Religious-Ceremonial Factors of Ukrainian Folk Attire Extension in Context of Kyiv’s Urban Realities (Second Half of the XIXth to Early XXth Centuries). Folk Art and Ethnology, 6 (370), 39–44.

Author

Oliynyk Maryna – a Ph. D. in History, a junior research fellow at the Ukrainian Ethnological Centre Department of the M. Rylskyi Institute of Art Studies, Folkloristics and Ethnology of the NAS of Ukraine

 

Socio-Economic and Religious-Ceremonial Factors of Ukrainian Folk Attire Extension in Context of Kyiv’s Urban Realities

(Second Half of the XIXth to Early XXth Centuries)

 

Abstract

The article deals with the issues of presence of conventional Ukrainian attire in everyday-life practices of the city of Kyiv from 1861 to 1920. The presented material is based on statistical data of a one-day census of the 1874 Kyiv inhabitants and the 1897 First General Census of the Russian Empire’s population.

Folk attire is considered as a marker of social life in the city, whose ethno-cultural outlines were clearly supplemented by Ukrainian peasants. As the sources of the study became the reminiscences of Kyivans of the late XIXth to early XXth centuries, as well as works of art, in which their authors described various pictures of urban everyday life and manners and customs of the time. There have been worked out the drawings by Yu. Pavlovych performed from nature in Kyiv.

The article examines the influence of socio-economic factor of the extension of folk attire. As typical wearers of Ukrainian apparel labelled are commuters who regularly arrived at the city with the view of selling their own production, as well as a part of landless peasants looking for job placement either at Kyiv’s large enterprises or in the sphere of rendering services in private households.

A special consideration is given to the religious-ceremonial factor that has contributed to the emergence of traditional Ukrainian culture’s bearers in urban life. There has been outlined the ethno-cultural portrait of visitors of Kyiv temples, there has been also accentuated the periodicity of the appearance of a mass of pilgrims, and there have been indicated general features of the appearance of their attire. The article’s authoress lays the stress on the presence of Ukrainian folk ceremonies in urban practices promoting the dissemination of visual national markers being distinctly demonstrated by traditional attire.

 

Keywords

conventional Ukrainian attire, urban everyday life, city of Kyiv.

 

References

  1. Archival Scientific Funds of Manuscripts and Audio-Recordings of NASU M. Rylskyi IASFE. Fund 39, Unit of issue 10. Pictures of choristers and praying people at the churches. Kyiv. Drawings of 1895, 8 sheets.
  2. Archival Scientific Funds of Manuscripts and Audio-Recordings of NASU M. Rylskyi IASFE. Fund 39, Unit of issue11. Pictures of male and female types to the topic Kyiv, 9 sheets.
  3. BORYSENKO, V. Family and everyday customs and rites of the workers of Kyiv. Holidays and rites of the workers of Kyiv. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 1982, pp. 181–211.
  4. BULHAKOV, M. White Guards. [Belaya Gvardiya]. In: M. BULHAKOV. Selected works: in two volumes. Kiev: Dnipro, 1989, pp.25–284.
  5. VYNNYCHENKO, V. Beauty and strength. Tales and stories. Kyiv: Dnipro, 1989, 752 pp.
  6. HALYN, M. Pages from the past. Chronicle-2000, 2002, 51–52, 195–225.
  7. HRINCHENKO, B. Works. Kyiv: Molod, 1970, 555 pp.
  8. YEFREMOV, S. Dairy. On the past days (reminiscences). Kyiv: Tempora, 2011, 792 pp.
  9. History of Kiev: in three volumes, four books. Kiev of the period of late feudalism and capitalism. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1984, Vol. 2, 464 pp.
  10. KOSMINA, O. Ukrainian traditional women attire of Kyiv region. Late XІXth– early XXth centuries. Kyiv: Khreshchatyk, 1994, 15 pp.
  11. LESKOV, N. Pechersk antiques. Tales and stories. Moscow: Khudozhestvennaya literatura, 1982, pp. 311–359.
  12. LYSENKO, O. Reminiscences on the father. Kyiv: Muzychna Ukrayina, 1991, 367 pp.
  13. MAKOHIN, H. People’s attire as the national symbol of folk costume evolution in the system of culture (the second half of the XІX – beginning of the XX century). Bulletin of Ciscarpathian University. Art Studies. 2011, Iss.23, pp. 59–64.
  14. MYRONOV, V. Urban costume in Ukraine (late XІXth– early XXth century). Folk Art and Ethnography, 1971, 5, 20–29.
  15. NECHUI-LEVYTSKYI, I. Night at the Dnieper. Ridnyi krai, 1906, 3, 3–6.
  16. NECHUI-LEVYTSKYI, I. Works: in two volumes. Kyiv: Dnipro, 1977, Vol. 2, 503 pp.
  17. NIKOLAYEVA, T. Traditional peasant clothes of Kyiv region. Ethnography of Kyiv and Kyiv region. Traditions and contemporaneity. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 1986, pp. 83–128.
  18. OLIYNYK, M. Folk clothes in urban usualness of Kiev as a marker of religious-ritual culture of Ukrainians in the second half of the XІX– beginning of the XX century. Issues of Art Studies, Ethnology and Folkloristics, 2016, Iss. 20, pp. 526–532.
  19. PAVLOVSKYI, V. Vasy lKrychevskyi. Life and works. New-York: Ukrainian Free Academy in the USA, 1974, 223 pp.
  20. PATALIEYEV, O. OldKyiv. From the reminiscences of Old Sinner [Staryi Hrishnyk]. Kyiv: Lybid, 2008, 432 pp.
  21. POLONSKA-VASYLENKO, N. Reminiscences. Kyiv: Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, 2011, 591 pp.
  22. RUSOVA, S. Memoirs. Dairy. Kyiv: Polihrafknyha, 2004, 544 pp.
  23. STOROZHENKO, M. From my life. Kyiv: Lybid, 2005, 432 pp.
  24. Ukraine in folk types, landscapes and architecture: artistic-ethnographic heritage of Yuriy Pavlovych. Kyiv: NASU M. Rylskyi IASFE, 2010, 400 pp.
  25. CHUBINSKII, P. Figures review on the population of the city of Kyiv according to one-day census executed on March 2, 1874. In: Proceedings of south-western department of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society. Kiev, 1875, Vol.2.
  26. YARON. Kiev in the 1880s. Reminiscences of the old resident. Kiev: Tipografiya Akts. o-va «Petr Barskii v Kieve», 1910, 212 pp.