Ivanchyshen Vitaliy – a Ph.D. in History, a junior research fellow at the NASU M. Rylskyi IASFE Ukrainian Ethnological Centre Department
Problems of Preserving and Protecting Stonecutting Monuments within an Ethnocultural Landscape: A Recovery of Historical Memory and Modern Representational Forms
The article with issues of preservation and protection of stonecutting monuments, being still kept within the cultural landscape of the Eastern Podillia region. The research of symbolical space and sacral monuments turns out to be only one of the components of implementing an effective ethno-cultural policy. While labelling the symbolical space, both commemorative locations and sacral objects appear to be encoded loci (messages), in which informational potential (achievements) of the Ukrainian collective memory is being constantly accumulated.
Based on field ethnographic data and illustrative materials collected, the author generalizes the issues of preserving these monuments, as well as forms of their modern representation in cultural landscape. One of the biggest obstacles in the process of creation of ethnographic map and formation of stonecutting monument register is an absence of a uniform classification approach to these objects.
The issue of preserving and protecting stonecutting monuments as attributes of the Ukrainian cultural landscape is a topical demand of nowadays. Against the background of process of constructing the collective identity of Ukrainian community, it is important to attract all the recourses necessary for the matter. One of them is historical memory, whose reminiscences can be activated on the ground of reconstructing local objects of cultural landscape as attributes of ethno-cultural succession and historical continuance of the community. Throughout the peripeteias of the XXth century and purposeful activities of the Soviet ideology, the tradition of cultural landscape sacralization has been gradually levelled.
One of modern manifestations has become the tradition of restoring or installing various new symbols and monuments, which mark space, with sacralizing and creating a new symbolic environment in it. That is why one of the most important tasks of nowadays is the issue of mechanisms of reestablishing the ties of succession and recreating the almost forgotten knowledge.
cultural landscape, stonecutting monuments.
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