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Traditional Wedding of the Vorskla River Lands in the Mid-XXth Century: A Sunday Celebration (Yamne Village of Velyka Pysarivka District, Sumy Region)

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The authors of the publication:
Havrylenko Viktoriya
p.:
85-101
UDC:
392.5(477.52)“195”
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.15407/nte2018.03.085
Bibliographic description:
Havrylenko V. (2018) Traditional Wedding of the Vorskla River Lands in the Mid-XXth Century: A Sunday Celebration (Yamne Village of Velyka Pysarivka District, Sumy Region). Folk Art and Ethnology, 3 (373), 85–101.

Author

HAVRYLENKO VIKTORIYA

a postgraduate at Philosophy Department of the Sumy State University, a head of Intangible Cultural Heritage Department of the Sumy Regional Methodological Centre for Culture and Arts

 

Traditional Wedding of the Vorskla River Lands in the Mid-XXth Century: A Sunday Celebration

(Yamne Village of Velyka Pysarivka District, Sumy Region)

 

Abstract

The article outlines the specificity of traditional wedding of the Sumy portion of the Vorskla River Lands in the mid-XXth century by the way of example of the village of Yamne. This article is a logical continuation of the previous one dealt with the preparation stage and wedding on Saturday. Therefore, the purpose of the article is highlighting special features of the course of wedding celebration in Sunday in the Yamne village. Since it is wedding rituals on Sunday that definitively proved the transition of a boy and a girl to their new status. The investigation is based on materials of auctorial folklore and ethnography expeditions carried out in 2012–2016 in the village of Yamne (Velyka Pysarivka District).

First of all, the authoress describes the ritual of leading a bride to a corner of honour (posad) in a bride`s house. The participant of a wedding suite called druzhko (bridesman) leads a bride to the table’s honour place (pokut) by holding her with a handkerchief. Just then, bridesmaids sit down beside her. An appropriate song for this ritual has been recorded.

  The next important action of the wedding ceremony is groom`s coming. A groom usually comes by horses [linieyka (carriage)] or by car. Typical participants of groom’s wedding suite were two starosty (matchmakers), a major boiaryn (bridesman), a svashka (female matchmaker), and a svitylka (a girl performing the ritual of holding a sword and a candle at wedding). The appellation poyizd (a wedding procession) for designating the wedding suite accompanying a bridegroom was not used here in the village of Yamne, though spread on adjoining territories.

Sunday wedding action included the following key components:

  • haggling of groom’s matchmakers with bride’s relatives or matchmakers. This action ended with bread exchange;
  • giving presents by bride`s mother to participants of groom’s wedding suite (matchmakers, female matchmaker, major bridesman, and the very groom);
  • holding to ransom the right of unveiling a bride and, if a groom’s ransom was good, sitting down beside her. A major bridesmaid would chaffer;
  • hair unplaiting (a major bridesmaid was charged with this action in the mid-XXth century, while earlier it was apparently carried out by bride’s brother);
  • sewing of a flower to groom’s cap. The action could be performed by a major bridesmaid, a female matchmaker, or a bride’s sister;
  • cutting out of korovay (a sacred round loaf). A best man was entrusted with the action. While distributing portions of the sacred bread by a bride to guests, donations were made (everyone had to present a gift to newlywed);
  • parting of a bride with her playmates before departure to her bridegroom. After such a farewell, bride expelled her bridesmaids from her house;
  • blessing of newlyweds by their parents, and finally bride’s departure to her groom’s house.

Special songs accompanied almost all these actions.

Holiday dinner and donations at a groom’s home occurred almost in the same way as at a bride’s dwelling. The decisive bride’s transition to the new status (being a wife) was proved by change of clothes. For this action, a major bridesmaid led a bride to a neighbour`s house, where she changed the bride’s clothes (rozbyrala z tsvitkiv): the bride’s head was covered with a shawl, with a flower sewn on it. This action definitively attested the bride’s new status of young married woman. As a sum of this eventful Sunday, on Monday there occurred beseda (conversation) – final celebrations of newlyweds’ relatives. They were merry and looked like a carnival because participants dressed up as gypsies, police officers, brides and so on.

As a result of the investigation, we have a description of wedding ritual actions performed on Sunday in village of Yamne (Velyka Pysarivka District). The description gradually highlights the sequence of ritual actions and appropriate song examples in line with the order peculiar to traditional wedding of the Sumy portion of the Vorskla River Lands in the mid-XXth century.

 

References

  1. Universytetska knyha (2005) Ritual Songs of Slobozhanshchyna (Sumshchyna Area) (folkloric records of and compiled by V. Dubravin). Sumy: Universytetska knyha, 446 pp.
  2. The Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (electronic resource). Available at: http://enc-dic.com/word/jA/Jamnaja-5650.html.
  3. Yamne (electronic resource). Available at: https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki.