Back to the magazine2018 year №6

Pottery of the Village of Tsvitne after the Materials of the Mykhaylo Diachenko's 1928 Study

Read the postRead the postDownload the post
The authors of the publication:
Shcherban Anatoliy
p.:
113-118
UDC:
738(477.65-22)“1928”
Bibliographic description:
Shcherban, A. (2018) Pottery of the Village of Tsvitne after the Materials of the Mykhaylo Diachenko’s 1928 Study. Folk Art and Etnology, 5 (375), 113–118.

Author

Shcherban Anatoliy

a Ph.D. in History, an assistant professor at Museum and Monument Studies Department of the Kharkiv State Academy of Culture.

 

Pottery of the Village of Tsvitne after the Materials of the Mykhaylo Diachenko’s 1928 Study

 

Abstract

The most interesting facts on pottery of Tsvitne village (the modern Kirovohrad region), according to the author opinion, are described in the article. They are taken from the report on the expedition of 1928 by Mykhailo Diachenko, an artist and ethnographer. The information about the approximate number of potters is given and the conclusion about its growth is made, as well as in many other pottery centers of the Naddniprianshchyna during the times of the NEP. The activity of the Pot-Industrial-Production Fight Artel is analyzed. It enables to specify the chronology of the foundation of the first artel enterprise of the Soviet period in the cell.

The data concerning the productivity of the artel potters during the clay preparation for its use and processing into the ceramic products are analyzed. It is concluded that physically difficult work as to the materials preparation for the ceramics manufacturing have to last almost continuously. The existing information on the pottery account of the production made by the masters from Tsvitne village is specified. It is based primarily on the amount of consumed moulding mass. Attention is paid to the changes in pottery metrology in comparison with pre-revolutionary times and the reasons for this phenomenon are explained with the growth of the local potters skill.

The availability of two forges – summer and winter – in the workshops is analyzed. It enables the stating of the fact of the more perfect use of these buildings, than in many other pottery centers of Ukraine.

The data on the development of ceramics ornamentation in Tsvitne village in 1928, the range of pottery products are presented. The center place among the cells of folk art of the Naddniprianshchyna is estimated by Mykhailo Diachenko. The graphic images of the furnace and the products of Tsvitne village, made by the researcher, unknown for modern scientists, are presented.

 

Keywords

pottery, Mykhailo Diachenko, Tsvitne village.

 

References

  1. Bochkov D. (1929) Curriculum vitae of Diachenko, Mykhaylo Mykhaylovych, a Non-Staff Worker of the Cherkasy District Museum. Life Histories of Archeology and Art Researchers. Scientific Archives of the Institute ofArcheology of the National Academy of Sciences ofUkraine, fund VUAK, file 32, sheet 3.
  2. Open Letter № 188. Scientific Archives of the Institute of Archeology ofthe National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, fund VUAK, file 32, № 202/17, 2 sheets.
  3. Ceramics of Tsvitne is on Displayin Opishne. URL: http://opishne-museum.gov.ua/exhibitions/2018ex/2569-v-opishnomueksponuietsia-keramika-tsvitnoho.html
  4. Danchenko L. (1974) Folk Pottery of the MiddleDnieper Region. Kyiv: Mystetstvo, 192 pp.
  5. Diachenko M. “Pottery of the Village of Tsvitnia” in Shevchenkivshchyna. ScientificArchives of the Institute of Archeology of theNational Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, fund VUAK, № 202/17, 12 sheets.
  6. Diachenko M. Diachenko M. Drawings. Scientific Archives of the Institute ofArcheology of the National Academy of Sciences ofUkraine, fund VUAK, № 202/17, 2 sheets.
  7. Card № 157. ScientificArchives of the Institute of Archeology of theNational Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, fund VUAK, № 202/17, 2 sheets.
  8. (1913) Handicrafts in Kiev Governorate (According to Photographs of Researchers Seconded by the Zemstvo Council). The Kiev Thought, №15, Friday, 5 April, Appendix to № 95, p. 4.
  9. Ovcharenko L. (2008) The Makariv-Yar Centre of Ceramic Education in Ukraine. Opishne: Ukrayinske Narodoznavstvo, 160 pp.
  10. Poshyvaylo O. (2007) UkrainianAcademic Ceramology of the XXIst Century. Theory.History. Modern Harvest. Future Progress. Opishne: Ukrayinske Narodoznavstvo, 776 pp.
  11. Kulinich L. (author-compiler) (2014) Tsvitne. Pottery: AnAlbum-Catalogue. Kirovohrad: KDPU im. V. Vynnychenka, 36 pp.
  12. Shcherban A. (2017) Mykhaylo Diachenko is an Unknown Monument Historian of the 1920s and Early 1930s. TheSixthZarembaReadings. Kyiv: Tsentr pamyatkoznavstva NAN Ukrayiny i UTOPIK, pp. 68–71.
  13. Shcherban O. (2004) School of Masters of Artistic Ceramics in Opisnnia (1936–1941). The Ukrainian Ceramological Magazine, № 2–3, pp. 124–133.