Senjov-Makohon Natalia (Melbourne, Australia)
a Doctor, an academic researcher and experienced pedagogue
Displaced Persons and Cultural Identity
People living on the territory of modern Ukraine have experienced a lot of changes. The overcoming of these obstacles have required the social, political, economic and other changes in the corresponding empires societies. House of Habsburg, Russia and Germany have created different conditions for local Ukrainians. However usually these points haven’t been favourable or beneficial. As a rule, the inhabitants have been forced to be included into the ruling empire without an opportunity of autonomous government of the own country and even life. An economy of seized territories has been developed in a slow tempo, when the population work hard for their enslavers from morning till night. The empires have governed on a distance, executing a tutorial role, though equal rights for separate nations are denoted in their constitutions. These people have never controlled own fate and often suffered major human casualties when various empires capture their lands. There have been about 4 000 000 of Ukrainians in Austro-Hungarian monarchy before World War I. They have lived in such Austrian provinces: Galicia (3 380 000), Bukovina (300 000) and the Kingdom of Hungary (470 000).
Australia, Ukrainian displaced persons, Yugoslavia, Germany, Italy, cultural identity and cultural heritage.
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