a Ph.D. in History, research fellow at the Historical Studies Department of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine Research Institute of Ukrainian Studies
Dialectological researches of ukrainian–belarusian polissia: historiographic aspect
Similar environmental conditions and traditional way of housekeeping of Ukrainians and Belarusians of Polissia have caused the similarity of their ethno-cultural features. Thus linguistic peculiarities of the borderland representatives have become the most important differentiating markers. Vivid spoken language has its phonetic, lexical and syntactic characteristics depending on its locality. The term dialect obtains not only linguistic but also historical and cultural meaning. It is noticed in the investigation that the understanding of problems connected with the reflection of traditional culture in the borderland inhabitants’ language requires the integration of different branches of science: linguistics, ethnology, ethnography, folkloristics, history etc.
The authoress assumes that lexical differences of dialects are caused by regional peculiarities of housekeeping, cultural and spiritual items, thus there are the varieties of naming of the same notion in different northern Ukrainian dialects. The classification of the main Polissian dialects is presented (east-Polissian, mid-Polissian, west-Polissian), the distribution areas are defined. Also an attempt to create Polissian micro-language based on west-Polissian dialects is mentioned. During the research a large amount of joint works of Ukrainian, Belarusian and Russian scientists have been revealed, as well as some fundamental monographs and research papers dealing with the study of peculiarities of all groups of Polissian dialects in different linguistic aspects. A number of linguistic and geographical editions, both general and special ones, is considered. For example, Ukrainian Language Atlas, atlases of animal husbandry and hunting vocabularies, names of medicinal plants, clothes, footwear etc., are analyzed. Also a review of some lexicographical works, in particular different topical vocabularies of Polissian dialects, is proposed in the paper. It is found out, that nowadays local dialects occur mainly in rural areas while city and town dwellers use literary language or surzhyk (sociolect of Ukrainian and Russian languages). The contribution of Ukrainian and Belarusian scientific centers and higher educational institutions into development of problem of linguistic situation on Ukrainian and Belarusian borderland is considered.
linguistic situation, dialectology, Polissian dialects.
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