Bulanova Nataliya – a Ph.D. in History, a director of Museum of Kamyanske City History
Cossack Free Settlement Trytuzne: Lost Landscapes and Historical Memory
The article being grounded on the example of the former Cossack free settlement Trytuzne covers the topical issue of the lost landscape of OverDnipro Lands in consequence of industrial construction through the second half of the XXth century. It examines the foundation of the village in the earlytomidXVIIIth century in lieu of the Cossack winter farmstead owned by the retired military officer (starshyna) Danylo Semenenko nicknamed Trytuz. Described are changes in administrativeterritorial organization of the village which, upon the destruction of the Sich, became a state free settlement, and since 1802 had been a part of newlyestablished Katerynoslav Governorate. It is proved that the village’s economic system began to change at the Soviet power due to collectivization. In 1938, Trytuzne entered into the composition of industrial Dniprodzerzhynsk.
The authoress relates the destruction of traditional landscape of the village to the construction of the uranium ore processing plant (since 1965 – the OverDniproLand Chemical Plant) in 1947, that was conducted in conditions of strict secrecy. After the curtailing of the industrial production, upon Ukraine’s gaining of independence, there have been remained, on the adjacent territory, nine radioactive waste storages facilities being of great danger for the environment.
Based on a questioning of former residents of Trytuzne, resettled to other parts of the city, it is ascertained that in their memory remained microtoponyms, whose origins are connected with the Cossacks, as well as the nostalgia for native land, condemnation of industrial construction and resettlement of dwellers. There was made a conclusion about ruinous impact of industrialization processes on traditional landscape of the Dnieper areas, which had harmoniously united natural, social, economic, historical, and cultural environments of life and activities of population, and the loss of the powerful memory site of Zaporizhzhia Cossacks.
Trytuzne, Slag Works, OverDniproLand Chemical Plant, construction, landscapes, destruction, historical memory.
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