a corresponding member of the NAS of Ukraine, a Doctor of History, a professor, a director of the I. Kuras Institute for Political and EthnoNational Studies of the NAS of Ukraine
Ethnic Origin in the Globalization Epoch
Most clearly, globalization manifests its principles in the economic sphere and in the sphere of consumption, as it integrates national economies on the basis of the global division of labor. Moreover, globalization homogenizes consumer benchmarks, imposes consumer models and statuses on the mass consciousness. Generally, it accelerates the processes of integration and interdependence. Therefore the world economy and the sphere of consumption acquire a systemic integrity.
A modern globalized society is also characterized by a gradual erosion of the political sphere. On the one hand, it is determined with the excessive indifference of citizens to political processes and the simulation of their choice, which is caused by the symbiosis of liberal democratic and bureaucratic rule, and on the other hand this is because of the fact that political institutions have lost their primary role. Therefore, in a political sense, our globalized society becomes more and more amorphous and fragmented.
Ethnic origin is a reflection of how a person realizes own ethnic identity, shares a common history and the affinity of common ideas and behavior. Ethnic identity appeals to family and territorial ties, affects collective memory and a sense of social consciousness. Therefore, it is logically that ethnicity creates the cumulative effect necessary for the formation of solidarity within the nation.
The ethnic component becomes a priority both when political mechanisms are discredited, and institutions of power fail to meet the cultural needs of citizens. Ethnicity is the most effective tool for social and political mobilization in times of crisis and in a transitional state of society. However, in the face of globalization, ethnicity deals with a much stronger opponent than the imperfection of a separate political system; therefore, there is a need for ideological and philosophical support for ethnicity in its struggle against the leveling, destructive and barbarian effects of globalization.
ethnic identity, primordialism, globalization, megatrends of modern social development, national consolidation, national idea.
- Bek, U. (2001) What is Globalization? The Errors of Globalism are the Responses to Globalization. Moscow: Progress-traditsiya.
- Vallerstayn, I. (1996) Russia and the Capitalist World-Economy. Free Thought, no 5, pp. 30–42.
- Veil, S. (1998) Taking root. The prologue to the Declaration of Human Rights Obligations. Taking Root. Letter to a Clergyman. Kyiv.
- Giddens, E. (2004) The Elusive World: How Globalization Reshapes Our Life. Moscow: Ves mir.
- Girts, K. (2004) Interpretation of Cultures. Moscow: Rossiyskaya politicheskaya entsiklopediya (ROSSPEN).
- Horban, T. (2010) Evolution of National Self-Determination Idea in Ukrainian Social and Political Thinking of the Late 19th to the First Quarter of the 20th Century. Kyiv: IPiEND imeni I. F. Kurasa NAN Ukrayiny.
- Ionov, I., Khachaturian, V. (2002) The Theory of Civilizations from Antiquity to the Late XIXth Century. Saint Petersburg: Aleteyya.
- Yonas, H. (2001) The Principle of Responsibility. In Search of Ethics for Technological Civilization. Kyiv: Libra.
- Zlobin, G. (1985) Beyond the Dream: The Pages of 20th‑Century American Literature. Moscow: Hudozhestvennaya literatura.
- Zubko, T. (2010) Ethnic Identification, or Dreams on the Past. Political Management, no 1, pp. 88–95.
- Kyrydon, A. (2015) European Identity: the Structuring of Semantic Space. European Historical Studies, no. 2, pp. 26–53.
- Connerton, P. (2004) How Societies Remember. Kyiv: Nika-Tsentr.
- Crepon, M. (2011) European Otherness. Kyiv: Ukraynskyi tsentr dukhovnoyi kultury.
- Krymskiy, S. (2004) The Aim of Our Existence is the Returning to the Civilized World. Ukraine is Searching for Its Identity. Kyiv: Postup, pp. 17–20.
- Matusova, O. (2017) Kuban Cossacks Defined Themselves as Ukrainians back in the 20th Century. URL: https://www.radiosvoboda.org/a/28835334.html (accessed 14 December 2018).
- Kuzmuk, O. (2009) Pseudoscientific Theories of Ukrainians’ Ethnogenesis and Their Impact on Public Consciousness. Strategic Priorities, no. 2 (11), pp. 110–116.
- Lypynskyi, V. (1925) Religion and Church in the History of Ukraine. Philadelphia: Obriyi.
- Makhniy, M. (2012) Homo Ethnikos: Psychology and Culture. Chernihiv: Lozovyi V. M.
- Matsko, L. (2012) The Functional Field of Ukrainian Language in Structures of Social Communications. The Scientific Information Bulletin, no. 6 (83), pp. 11–17.
- Mykhalchenko, M (2009). The Ukrainian National Idea as the Foundation of Spiritual and Political Life of Ukrainian Political Nation. Spiritual Life of Ukrainian Society: Ontological, Theoretical, and Methodological Problems of Development. Kyiv; Drohobych.
- Miller, A. (2000) «The Ukrainian Issue» in the Policy of the Authorities and the Russian Public Opinion (Second Half of the 19th Century). Saint Petersburg: Aleteyya.
- Mirchuk, I. (1994) A Worldview of Ukrainian People. An Attempt of Description. Philosophy. History. Politology. Genesis, #2, pp. 87–95.
- Novichenko, I. (1981) A Huge Burden of Content. The Problems of Contemporary American Literature. Kyiv: Vyshcha shkola, pp. 5–43.
- Radevych-Vynnytskyi, Ya. (2012) Identity and Its Language Component in a Non-Monolingual Society: A Ukrainian Reality. Language and Society, vol. 2, pp. 101–113.
- Riker, P. (2004) Memory, History, Oblivion. Moscow: Izdatelstvo gumanitarnoy literatury.
- Rymarenko, S. (1999) Self-Determination of Person, Nation and State (An Ethnopolitological Analysis). Kyiv: Yurydychna knyha.
- Sabine, George H., Thorson, Thomas L. (1997) The History of Political Theory. Kyiv: Osnovy.
- Semenenko, I. (2008) Metamorphoses of European Identity. Polis, no. 3, pp. 80–96.
- Searl, J. (2002) The Construction of Social Reality. Moscow: Smysl.
- Sytnyk, H. (2004) National Values as the Foundation of Professional Development of Person, Society and State. NADU Bulletin, no. 2, pp. 369–374.
- Skrynnyk, M. (2001) Panteleymon Kulish as a Representative of the Conservative Spiritual Tradition in Ukraine. Modernity, no 5, pp. 87–99.
- Smith Anthony, D. (1994) The National Identity. Kyiv: Osnovy.
- Stepyko, M. (1998) The Existence of Ethnic Group: Origin, Modernity, Prospects (A Philosophical and Methodological Analysis). Kyiv: Osnovy.
- Tkachenko, V. (2010) Ukraine: To Learn How to Hive Together. The Day, no. 231, December 16.
- Shchur, M. (2017) The Ukrainians within the Territory of Modern Russia. What Has Become of Them?URL: https://www.radiosvoboda.org/a/28829946.html (accessed 14 December 2018).
- Fedyk, O. (2000) Language as a Spiritual Adequacy of the World (Reality). Lviv: Misioner.
- Franko, I. (1986) Beyond the Realm of Possibility. Franko, I. The Complete Works of Ivan Franko in 50 Volumes. Vol. 45. Kyiv: Naukova dumka.
- Fromm, E. (2006) Escape from Freedom. Moscow: Flinta, Moskovskiy psikhologo-sotsialnyy institut, Progress.
- Fromm, E. (1998) Psychoanalysis and Religion; The Art of Loving; To Have or to Be?Kyiv: Nika-Tsentr.
- Yakovets, Yu. (2003) Globalization and Interaction of Civilizations. Moscow: Ekonomika.
- Horovitz, Donald L. (1975) Ethnic Identity. Ethnicity: Theory and Experience. Cambridge (Mass.): Cambridge University Press, pp. 114–120.