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The First Comprehensive Scientific Expedition of Ukrainian Ethnologists

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The authors of the publication:
Hlushko Mykhailo
p.:
11-25
UDC:
39:303.436.3(477.86/.87)“1904”
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.15407/nte2019.05.011
Bibliographic description:
Hlushko, M. (2019) The First Comprehensive Scientific Expedition of Ukrainian Ethnologists. Folk Art and Ethnology, 5 (381), 11–25.

Author

Hlushko Mykhailo

а Doctor of History, a Professor at the Ivan Franko Lviv National University Ethnology Department. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3520-8891

 

The First Comprehensive Scientific Expedition of Ukrainian Ethnologists

 

Abstract

The article is dedicated to the first comprehensive (ethnographic and anthropological) field expedition in the history of Ukrainian Ethnic Studies initiated by Ivan Franko and organized by the Shevchenko Scientific Society in Lviv and financed partially by the Austrian Ethnic Studies Society in Vienna. It has been realized from August 18 till September 24, 1904 on the territory of Boikivshchyna.

The whole expedition route (Мshanets – Liutovyska – Dydiova – Likot – Ternava – Sokolyky – Turochky – Borynia – Vysichky – Komarnyky – Matkiv – Smozhe – Тukholka – Кalne – Lavochne – Slavske – Тukhlia – Hrebeniv – Skole – Verkhnie Syniovydne – Krushelnytsia) has been overcome by two researchers – Fedir Vovk and Zenon Kuzelia, its part by Ivan Franko (four settlements – Мshanets – Liutovyska – Dydiova – Likot) and Pavlo Riabkov (also four settlements – Hrebeniv – Skole – Verkhnie Syniovydne – Krushelnytsia).

Fedir Vovk is the only member of the expedition who has overpassed the whole scientific route (August 18 – September 24). Zenon Kuzelia has worked one day less (August 19 – September 24). Ivan Franko has spent more than two weeks (August 18 – September 4) on the Boikivshchyna territory and Pavlo Riabkov has worked there for 10 days (September 15–24).

I. Franko scientific journey has been crowned with a large-scale article Ethnographic Expedition to Boikivshchyna (1905). It is the first synthetic comprehension of information about the basic types and characteristic features of economic activities, traditional material culture and life of Boiky.

F. Volk has reported the results of the field ethnographic and anthropological expedition of 1904 at the meetings of the Anthropological Society in Paris (1904, 1905), the Russian Geographical Society (1906), used in various scientific works (Anthropological Features of Ukrainian People, Ethnographic Features of Ukrainian People, etc).

Z. Kuzelia has taken part in this scientific journey first of all as F. Vovk assistant during the anthropometric measurements of Boikivshchyna population. At the same time, on F. Vovk initiative, he has recorded a folk wedding in the village of Lavochne that is located now in Skole district of Lviv region. It is found out that Z. Kuzelia has been able to collect field ethnographic materials only after P. Riabkov joins the expedition, that is, after September 15. Up till that time P. Riabkov has lived in Ivan Franko Lviv settlement and processed the negatives sent to him by F. Vovk in the photographic laboratory.

During the expedition of 1904 the scientists have also collected various samples of traditional material culture and folk art of Boiky for the ShSS Museum in Lviv, the Austrian Ethnic Studies Museum in Vienna and the Ethnographic Department of the Russian Museum of the Emperor Alexander III in Saint Petersburg.

 

Keywords

Ethnology, Anthropology, the Shevchenko Scientific Society in Lviv, scientific expedition, Boikivshchyna, Ivan Franko, Fedir Vovk, Zenon Kuzelia, Pavlo Riabkov.

 

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